Periodontal disease is also commonly known as gum disease, which is a bacterial growth caused by plaque and tartar build up. If left untreated, gum disease in Elgin ultimately destroys the tissues and bones that support teeth. When this occurs, teeth become loose and ultimately need to be removed. While plaque and tartar are the primary causes of gum disease, other contributing factors include tobacco use, clenching or grinding teeth, and genetics.
Types of Periodontal Disease in Elgin
There are two main types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs of periodontal disease in Elgin that many people ignore. Gingivitis usually appears during the beginning stages of periodontal disease and often goes unnoticed—unless it’s identified first by Dr. Karr or Dr. Blazer, our dentists in Elgin. Untreated gingivitis eventually leads to periodontitis, which breaks down the bones and tissues that support the teeth.
Periodontal Disease Treatment in Elgin
Treating periodontal disease depends on the type and severity of the condition. If Dr. Karr or Dr. Blazer, our dentists in Elgin, IL, are able to catch the condition early enough, there are steps that can be taken to remove plaque through procedures like scaling and root planing. Other conservative, non-invasive approaches include prescribing medications and oral mouth rinses to kill bacteria in the mouth. In more serious cases, surgery or grafting procedures may be required to stop the periodontal disease from spreading.
Schedule a consultation with Dr. Karr or Dr. Blazer to learn more about periodontal disease treatment in Elgin and if you require further care.